Current status and potential of the Central Highlands Biology Museum

The Central Highlands is one of the regions with great biodiversity value in Vietnam, with many rare and precious species of flora and fauna such as Asian Elephant, Gray-shanked Douc langur, Red-shanked civet, endemic species such as the pine sparrow yellow throat, black-headed babbler with gray cheeks. However, nature in the Central Highlands is being seriously damaged due to human exploitation. In 1990, the Central Highlands Biology Museum was established for the purpose of scientific research and education, conservation through collection and study of animal and plant specimens, display, interpretation, community propaganda.

Since its establishment, the Central Highlands Biology Museum has crafted and stored an extremely rich collection of animal samples, typical in Lam Dong and the Central Highlands.The animal collection is displayed at the Museum with 7 galleries and 6 storage rooms, including more than 230 bone samples of 45 animal species, 528 mammal samples of 58 species, 329 bird samples of 95 species, 43 samples of 32 reptile species, 36 samples of livestock and poultry of 22 species, 464 samples of insects belonging to 10 insect orders of common scientific and economic significance in the Central Highlands. In particular, there are specimens of great conservation value made by the museum such as complete bone and skin specimens of Asian Elephants, Gaurs, and rare primates such as White-cheeked gibbons, Black-shanked Douc langur, Small Culi, Silver Langur. Additionally, the Museum of Biology also displays 245 large mushroom samples of 240 species belonging to Lam Dong pine forest area. Besides, the Museum of Biology makes animal specimens for cooperation units such as Cat Tien National Park, Nui Chua National Park, Saigon Zoo and Botanical Garden, Dam Sen Cultural Park. Currently, the museum is a unit that produces and stores animal specimens of the Central Highlands and neighboring areas such as the Southeast, the South Central Coast.

With a large and rare collection of animal specimens, typical for the region, the Central Highlands Biology Museum is a valuable resource for studies on the morphology and anatomy of animals, a source of an important database in the identification and classification of animal species based on morphology. These specimens are also historical records, each with a place and time of acquisition, providing the basis for researchers to learn about evolution, biodiversity, changes in the ecology, space, time, species populations appear, ecological succession. At the same time, they also help scientists determine the correlation and influence of human activities on the environment and climate, thereby determining the effects on living organisms in the ecosystem.

The Central Highlands Biology Museum is a great resource for research on deeper fields such as molecular biology, genetics, building taxonomy trees, evaluating the relationship of individual species in the same area, bringing great potential and many opportunities in research and conservation.

Some animal specimens made by the Central Highlands Museum of Biology:

Bone and skin specimen of the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758)

Specimens of Gaur bones and skins (Bos gaurus Smith, 1827)

Fur specimen of the Indochinese Tiger (Panthera tigris Mazak, 1968)

Translated by Phuong Ha
Link to Vietnamese version

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